... ... AMD

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Macula degeneration is a gradual (usually) breakdown of the tissue in the very central part of the Retina that is used for high contrast, colour and fine detail vision - e.g reading and recognising faces.

There are two main types: Wet - usually happens more quickly and is caused by leaking fluid within the layers of the Retina (can be treated with injections into the eye ) and Dry - that usually happens more slowly and tends not to be so aggressive but currently for which there is no treatment at the time of writing.
Macula degeneration is a painless condition.

It usually occurs later in life and is therefore often referred to as Age-Related Macula Degeneration (ARMD). ARMD is the leading cause of sight loss in the UK.
Current thinking now leads us to believe that like so many age related diseases that the process may start many years before symptoms appear.

Using the sophisticated diagnostic imaging that is found in the Spectralis4D eye examination we are able to detect the very earliest signs of ARMD.
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Normal Vision
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Vision affected by age related macular degeneration
Diagram explaining age related macular degeneration


• blurred vision
• dark smudge could appear in your central vision
• difficulty reading
• difficulty recognizing people’s faces
• Distorted vision (straight lines becoming wavy or wobbly)
• colours seem faded
• difficulty adjusting from dark to light enviroments 


• smoking
• poor nutrition lacking in fruit in vegetables
• high blood pressure
• UV and Blue radiation (it is now thought that the shorter wavelengths of light especially UV and Visible blue cause damage to the retina and the mitochondria)
• genetics
• more women than men are diagnosed with AMD